The textile industry or more popularly known as the clothing business is among the world’s top grossing businesses generating worth $500 billion globally. The entire production from the scratch of raw materials to manufacturing garments and then importing them all over the world has now become as an organization as huge as to support the economies of both developing and underdeveloped countries. While this sector plays a major role in upturning GDPs, a massive concern regarding its environmental conservation policies still remain.
Why Going Green is Necessary?
Climate Change is inevitable and we are already seeing signs. Over the past 20 years, negligence from all sectors has led to unavoidable circumstances that we are dealing with today. These damages are irreversible but at least going green can reduce them to an extent. According to studies, growing cotton for a single T-shirt requires 257 gallons of water. In addition, bleaching, dyeing and colouring fabrics result in a large number of toxins that flow into our eco-systems. Besides, constant use of rayon has depleted many of the world’s forests. This is why sustainability in the textile industry is pivotal in the years to come.
How is the Textile Industry Contributing to Environmental Change?
The first step to developing an eco-friendly working environment is environmental awareness. Textile industries all over the world hire more 30 million people every year, out of which most of them are unaware of the environmental change that looms on us. Developing a safe working environment along with engaging in sustainable and eco-friendly practices is key to eco-sustainable development.
Industries in their attempt to bring a change are using various recycling techniques to make sure none of the resources goes in waste. This way tonnes of fabric that is discarded, sorted out or not sold in markets is recycled to be able to use again. Countries such as the USA, UK and Canada are already practising these trends.
Use of Organic Resources
Majority of manufacturers are now pressing on the use of naturally driven resources. For instance, Dyes are now made from organic materials, textiles come from natural sources and the use of chemicals are completely prohibited.
The processing of textiles is one of the main phases in the textile industry. Various practices such as eco-friendly dyeing including low impact dyes, natural dyes and Azo-free dyes, sustainable bleaching comprising of peroxide bleaching is used by many large-scale industries nowadays.
For raw materials, companies are now using eco-friendly fibres for the production of textiles. They include:
Hemp is a very versatile plant that grows without the need for excess water, herbicides and artificial fertilizers. It has long fibres that are easy to use in spinning. You can use hemp for knitting, yarn, rope belts and a number of other products.
2. Bamboo Fibre
This fibre fabric does not use pesticides since its highly anti-bacterial, biodegradable and breathable.
Other fibres include:
- Organic Cotton
- Soy Silk
- Recycled Polyester
- Corn Fibre